Drop in percentage CRT (4)
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Easier seen on the 12-lead ECG, when the ventricular EGM shows different morphologies and when intrinsic events are sensed just before the end of the AV interval, one should consider sortening the AV intervals. In MicroPort devices, this is also suggested in the Diagnostics/AIDA screens under PM/ICD as shown in the figure below:
On the programmer Parameters screen, under Pacing/Sensing, it is possible to evaluate and change the AV delays during rest and exercise. They were shortened from 125/80 to 80/45 ms.
The EGM instantly normalised, confirming the diagnosis and excluding the presence of premature ventricular complexes as differential diagnosis.
A remote monitoring follow-up a few months later shows correction of the drop in % CRT by shortening of the AV interval:
Most patients with a CRT device still have intrinsic conduction through the AV node and the right bundle branch toward the ventricles. When the AV interval is programmed too long, intrinsic conduction may intermittently be present with sensing of ventricular events (intrinsic breakthrough). These events are often mistaken for premature ventricular complexes but small changes in morphology seen on the ECG/EGM and the occurrence at the AV delay limit makes the diagnosis possible. Reprogramming will result in direct changes on the EGM and more certainly on the ECG.
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70 year-old woman recently implanted with a CRT-D (Platinium SonR) comes for her first device check-up. She admits not feeling any benefit on functional statuts since implantation.
There is suboptimal therapy deliverance due to low percentage CRT. What is the most probable cause?CorrectIncorrect